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Ini Calon Super Komputer Tercepat Di Dunia Berikutnya

Online Colleges, Best Online Trading, Online Forex Trading, Fx Trading, Online Trading Platforms

Summit dan Sierra, itu adalah nama yang akan diberikan pada dua super komputer di Amerika, dua calon super komputer tercepat di dunia berikutnya. Kecepatannya bahkan mengalahkan super komputer saat ini Tianhe-2 (MilkyWay-2) yang berada di National University of Defense Technology, China. Seperti yang diketahui, negara China saat ini merupakan pemegang rekor sekaligus pemilik super komputer tercepat di dunia. Kecepatan Tianhe-2 mencapai 33.86 petaflop.

Kini, rekor Tianhe-2 sebagai super komputer tercepat di dunia bakalan turun dari tahtanya jika Summit dan Sierra telah beroperasi. Bersama tiga perusahaan raksasa teknologi yaitu IBM, Nvidia dan Mellanox, pemerintah Amerika Serikat tengah serius membangun super komputer mereka yang lebih cepat dari sebelumnya.

Untuk diketahui, lebih dari 10 super komputer ada di dunia saat ini. Namun 10 yang tercepat dan terdaftar dalam list top500.org sampai bulan November 2014 adalah sebagai berikut:

1. Tianhe-2 (MilkyWay-2) : National Super Computer Center, Guangzhou China. Kecepatan: 33,862.7 petaflop. Sistem: TH-IVB-FEP Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2692 12C 2.200GHz, TH Express-2, Intel Xeon Phi 31S1P. NUDT.

2. Titan : DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Amerika Serikat. Kecepatan: 17,590.0 petaflop. Sistem: Cray XK7 , Opteron 6274 16C 2.200GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect, NVIDIA K20x. Cray Inc.

3. Sequoia : DOE/NNSA/LLNL, Amerika Serikat. Kecepatan: 17,173.2 petaflop. Sistem: BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom. IBM.

4. K Computer : RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS), Jepang. Kecepatan: 10,510.0 petaflop. Sistem: SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu interconnect. Fujitsu.

5. Mira : DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory, Amerika Serikat. Kecepatan: 8,586.6 petaflop. Sistem: BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom. IBM.

6. Piz Daint : Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS), Swiss. Kecepatan: 6,271.0 petaflop. Sistem: Cray XC30, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Aries interconnect , NVIDIA K20x. Cray Inc.

7. Stampede : Texas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas, Amerika Serikat. Kecepatan: 5,168.1 petaflop. Sistem: PowerEdge C8220, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi SE10P. Dell.

8. JUQUEEN : Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ), Jerman. Kecepatan: 5,008.9 petaflop. Sistem: BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect. IBM.

9. Vulcan : DOE/NNSA/LLNL, Amerika Serikat. Kecepatan: 4,293.3 petaflop. Sistem: BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect. IBM.

10. Pemerintah Amerika Serikat. Kecepatan: 3,577.0 petaflop. Sistem: Cray CS-Storm, Intel Xeon E5-2660v2 10C 2.2GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K40. Cray Inc.

Jika dilihat dari daftar super komputer diatas, Amerika memegang rekor pemilik super komputer terbanyak dan tercepat di dunia ke dua setelah China lewat Titan yang berada di Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Kecepatan Titan mencapai 17,590.0 petaflop. Kecepatan ini bakalan dinaikkan 6 sampai 8 kali lipat lewat dua super komputer Summit dan Sierra.

Melalui siaran persnya, Nvidia menyatakan jika super komputer Sierra nantinya akan memiliki kecepatan 100 petaflop. Sementara super komputer Summit akan memiliki kecepatan 150 petaflop atau lebih cepat sekitar 100 petaflop dari Tianhe-2.

Untuk mewujudkan hal tersebut, pemerintah Amerika Serikat dalam hal ini Departemen Energi telah menjalin kerjasama dengan pihak-pihak terkait (IBM, NVIDIA dan Mellanox) dan telah menyepakati kontrak dengan nilai yang sangat fantastis.

Melalui laman news room, IBM telah mengumumkan nilai kontrak dari Departemen Energi Amerika Serikat senilai US$ 325 juta. Itu belum termasuk biaya riset lainnya. Diperkirakan, pemerintah Amerika bakalan mengeluarkan total biaya sekitar US$ 400 juta lebih untuk mewujudkan membangun dua super komputer tercepat di dunia ini.

Super Komputer Tercepat Di Dunia Saat Ini

Tianhe-2Super Komputer Tercepat Di Dunia Saat Ini. Gambar: top500.org.

Online Colleges, Best Online Trading, Online Forex Trading, Fx Trading, Online Trading Platforms

Rencananya, dua super komputer ini akan di gunakan untuk memajukan inovasi dan penemuan di bidang ilmu pengetahuan, teknik dan keamanan nasional Amerika Serikat. Untuk penempatannya, super komputer Sierra akan ditempatkan di Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, California. Sedangkan calon super komputer tercepat di dunia yaitu Summit akan ditempat di lokasi yang sama dengan super komputer Titan yaitu di Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Indonesia sendiri?.

Best Online Colleges

The three factors that should go into the decision making process of choosing an online college are; the quality of the education, the reputation of the school and the cost and suitability of the program. Online colleges come in three variations. The most plentiful are those online colleges that exist only in cyberspace with all learning and course materials conducted purely on the internet. The school does not have a bricks and mortar location available and all questions, coursework and interaction is conducted exclusively online. Some popular examples of some of the larger 'online only' colleges are Capella University, American Public University, Westwood College and Walden University, which was recently rated by US News as a top choice in online education.

For many people attending a traditional four year brick and mortar college is neither practical nor possible for a variety of reasons. In previous times this meant resigning oneself to accepting only a high school education, to being stuck in a dead end career and perhaps never pursuing the college education that one truly desires. Fortunately, times have changed. These days anyone can obtain a college degree in a wide range of subjects and make their dreams come true. But with so many options and so much variation and quality in online education, it can be a daunting task to decide not only what degree to pursue but what online college to enroll in. This article should help as we ask the question and try to come up with an answer of just what are the best online colleges?

Online only colleges can offer some of the most cost effective degrees but they also fall short comparatively when it comes to reputation as well as quality of instruction. Sometimes, depending on the degree being pursued, it can be quite valuable to have at least some in person instruction or classroom interaction with a trained educator. This is particularly true in those disciplines where some of the learning is necessarily experiential or hands on like nursing or social work and not purely academic or theoretical like mathematics.

The second variation in online colleges are those that are primarily online but offer at least a partial brick and mortar experience that is either optional or required for part of the degree program. These tend to be slightly more expensive than the online only colleges but they also generally offer a better known and more respected degree. Some examples of online colleges that offer an optional in-person component include The University of Phoenix, Kaplan University, DeVry University and American Intercontinental University (AIU), which has campuses worldwide in addition to those in the US.

The ability to add classroom instruction and to interact with professional educators makes this a more fulfilling experience than simply completing all your coursework over the internet with no in-person interaction. In fact some believe that certain areas of study necessitate in person instruction in order to fulfill the requirements of the degree. While slightly more expensive than the online only colleges, a good argument can be made that it is worth the extra cost.

The last variation of online colleges are those that are adjunct or part of an established, sometimes even famous and world renown brick and mortar university or college. Some people are surprised to hear that such famous institutions such as Syracuse University, Golden Gate University, Boston University, and even MIT and Stanford offer online degree programs in various disciplines. Some of these online degree programs are very highly rated and the beautiful thing about obtaining one of these degrees is that once you receive your diploma nobody except you needs to know you pursued your degree online. The full reputation of these prestigious schools can then go to work for you to obtain a great career advancing job and to appear as a linchpin of your resume for years to come.

Many of these top notch schools require some of your education to be done on-site, but again this depends on the specific course of study you are pursuing and information needs to be gotten on a case by case basis. The one downside to pursuing your education at a famous name online college is the cost. These schools are very aware that their names hold tremendous value in the marketplace and thus charge substantially more than similar degrees from lesser known online schools. However, depending on the degree program, the cost of an online degree can still be much lower than attending the school full time, especially when savings of room and board as well as loss of income if not working are figured into the equation.

With the plethora of options available today there is really no excuse to not obtain your college degree. Research shows that college graduates earn more money and lead more satisfying careers than those without a higher education. With options ranging from low cost online only to higher cost famous name online universities, the only limit is your own drive, determination and dreams. For much more great information on online colleges and specific degree programs as well as links to some of the leading schools please visit here.

Accredited online degrees, accredited online universities, online university degrees.

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Diterbitkan pada: Senin, 17 November 2014
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